​While electric utilities prepare the grid for increased load from EVs and implement system upgrades, other less socially accepted and chancy loads have popped up over the last decade. In certain parts of the country, electric cooperatives are seeing cannabis grow houses and cryptocurrency mines drive up energy needs. What remains unclear is how long these new operations will be around. This report written in collaboration by NRECA and CFC provides an overview of the risk factors involved in serving these members and examines how some cooperatives are planning for and managing such emerging indeterminate loads.