​This is the second in a series of three articles on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s §316(b) rule on limiting the harmful impacts on aquatic organisms — fish, shellfish, larvae and eggs — caused by cooling water intake structures. The first article provided details on the rule itself. This article discusses generation and transmission (G&T) electric cooperatives’ views on compliance options and challenges posed by the rule. The third and final article in this series will review the technology options for compliance, with a focus on modified water screens and fish diversion technologies.